Thesis Pte Ltd

One thesis

Copyright © 2022 Thesis Pte. Ltd. All Rights Reserved


34 Boon Leat Terrace #04-09A Singapore 119866


One thesis

Copyright © 2022 Thesis Pte. Ltd. All Rights Reserved


What is a transimpedance amplifier (TIA) circuit?

April 29, 2023
1 Mins read

A transimpedance amplifier (TIA) circuit converts optical sensor signals into electrical signals for an embedded system to capture.

Key design parameters for a TIA circuit:

  • Sensor sensitivity
  • Signal-to-noise ratio
  • System bandwidth
  • Op-amp input impedance
  • Op-amp noise
  • Capacitor and resistor values for noise reduction
  • Parasitic capacitance minimization for signal integrity
  • Adjustable gain settings in unipolar, bipolar, and floating configurations

Op-amps with high input impedance and low noise are necessary to minimize signal distortion and maximize the signal-to-noise ratio.

To ensure the circuit's noise density, frequency response, and stability, simulation using tools such as LTspice is necessary. Balancing capacitor and resistor values is critical to guaranteeing low noise during simulation. In some cases, the op-amp model needed for simulation may not be available in the LTspice model and may need to be converted from other simulation models. We have written an article on one way that how you may do that [].

Once designed, the TIA circuit can be integrated into a printed circuit board (PCB) or embedded system. Care must be taken to minimize parasitic capacitance and maintain signal integrity. Analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) can digitize and process the TIA output in preparation for further processing by the embedded system's microcontroller or digital signal processor (DSP).

A well-designed TIA circuit is an effective solution for converting optical sensor signals into electrical signals suitable for capture by an embedded system.

In Thesis, we have designed low-noise, high-speed TIA circuits with fixed/adjustable gain settings in unipolar, bipolar, and floating configurations. Many of our designs were integrated into applications for health monitoring, environmental monitoring, and communication. Feel free to chat with us about how we could help with your product.


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